2014

Shock tube and modeling study of 2,7-dimethyloctane pyrolysis and oxidation

Shock tube and modeling study of 2,7-dimethyloctane pyrolysis and oxidation

S. Li, S.M. Sarathy, D.F. Davidson, R.K. Hanson, C.K. Westbrook
Combust. Flame, 162:5, 2296-2306, (2014)

S. Li, S.M. Sarathy, D.F. Davidson, R.K. Hanson, C.K. Westbrook
2, 7-Dimethyloctane, Ignition delay time, NTC region, Fuel time-history, Ethylene time-history
2014
High molecular weight iso-paraffinic molecules are found in conventional petroleum, Fischer–Tropsch (FT), and other alternative hydrocarbon fuels, yet fundamental combustion studies on this class of compounds are lacking. In the present work, ignition delay time measurements in 2,7-dimethyloctane/air were carried out behind reflected shock waves using conventional and constrained reaction volume (CRV) methods. The ignition delay time measurements covered the temperature range 666–1216 K, pressure range 12–27 atm, and equivalence ratio of 0.5 and 1. The ignition delay time temperatures span the low-, intermediate- and high-temperature regimes for 2,7-dimethyloctane (2,7-DMO) oxidation. Clear evidence of negative temperature coefficient behavior was observed near 800 K. Fuel time-history measurements were also carried out in pyrolysis experiments in mixtures of 2000 ppm 2,7-DMO/argon at pressures near 16 and 35 atm, and in the temperature range of 1126–1455 K. Based on the fuel removal rates, the overall 2,7-DMO decomposition rate constant can be represented with k = 4.47 × 105 exp(−23.4[kcal/mol]/RT) [1/s]. Ethylene time-history measurements in pyrolysis experiments at 16 atm are also provided. The current shock tube dataset was simulated using a novel chemical kinetic model for 2,7-DMO. The reaction mechanism includes comprehensive low- and high-temperature reaction classes with rate constants assigned using established rules. Comparisons between the simulated and experimental data show simulations reproduce the qualitative trends across the entire range of conditions tested. However, the present kinetic modeling simulations cannot quantitatively reproduce a number of experimental data points, and these are analyzed herein.